ISRAEL PHOTOS III  -- A COLLECTION OF PHOTOS FROM ISRAEL 

WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF SCENES AND SITES PERTINENT TO THE STUDY OF CHRISTIANITY

CHORAZIN

In the early fourth century Eusebius published his Onomasticon.  In this book he listed "Chorazein" as two mile posts from Capernaum.  In his time it was deserted.  The Roman mile was about 5241.47 feet. 

Korazim Park is about 4 kilometers from Capernaum (according to map).  There was a sign at the Korazim National Park "...site was probably settled during the 1st century CE."

At Korazim/Chorazin I met a local couple picking up pieces of red clay pottery after a rain storm who told me the ruins were dated back to Roman times.  I told them there appeared to be some old foundations in the pasture below the park.  He told me there were more ruins further up the hill behind park.


Lake view from west end of Chorazin, January 2006

Matthew 11:20-24 (American Standard Version)

20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not.
21 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 But I say unto you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you.
23 And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted unto heaven? thou shalt go down unto Hades: for if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in thee, it would have remained until this day.
24 But I say unto you that it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.


Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum were but piles of buildings stones when 19th century travelers reached these sites.  One traveler remarked that Capernaum had been cast down just as Jesus predicted as he looked at the piles of stones in from of him at Tel Hum (Capernaum).  There were numerous wars and devastating earthquakes in the area.  Tiberias and Safed have been rebuilt after an earthquake caused buildings to collapse on top of those dwelling within. 

 


Chorazin Synagogue           January 2006

According to park authorities the synagogue was built in the third or fourth century.  Jesus did not indicate that there was a synagogue at the first century Chorazin.  The exact location of the first century Chorazin is not fully proven.  These were referred to as Choriza by Arabs before Israeli statehood.    

At Dura-Europas in Syria the 3rd century synagogue was in a large house.  There was a 3rd century Dura-Europas church in a large house also.  Some early Galilean synagogues may have been the size of houses and difficult to detect during archaeological probes.  

There is yet confusion as to where Cana was.  There is a Khirbet Cana and a Kefr Cana, both are about 5 miles from Diocaesarea/Sephoris.  An ancient account of a journey to Cana indicated the distance was about 5 miles from Diocaesarea..    

Aerial View from Nearby Hilltop


Chorazin Ruins c. 1937 -- Library of Congress collection

The ruler of the synagogue may have sat in this seat, referred to as the seat of Moses.  The seat is in the Israel Museum and a replica was placed at the Korazim National Park.  A similar stone seat of Moses was found in an early synagogue on the island of Delos in Greece.  

Passage using the words "Moses seat":

Matthew 23 - American Standard Version - Copyright Expired

1 Then spake Jesus to the multitudes and to his disciples,
2 saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses seat:
3
all things therefore whatsoever they bid you, these do and observe: but do not ye after their works; for they say, and do not.
4
Yea, they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger.
5 But all their works they do to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
6 and love the chief place at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,
7 and the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called of men, Rabbi.
8 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your teacher, and all ye are brethren.
9 And call no man your father on the earth: for one is your Father, even he who is in heaven.
10 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your master, even the Christ.
11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.
12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled; and whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.
13 But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye shut the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye enter not in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering in to enter.
14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, even while for a pretence ye make long prayers: therefore ye shall receive greater condemnation.
15 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he is become so, ye make him twofold more a son of hell than yourselves

There was also a Moses seat found at Hammath Tiberias near the shore of Galilee (Ancient Synagogues in Palestine and Greece, E.L. Sukenik, 1934).

Israel Antiquities Authority web-page about Chorazin:  http://www.antiquities.org.il/site_Item_eng.asp?id=132

Second Aerial View of Chorazin from Hilltop -- 2006

Parable of the Mustard Seed
     A Mustard Field Along Highway 87-North Shore of Galilee
     Mustard Seeds in the Palm of a Hand
     A Branching Mustard Plant Near the Jordan River/Bethsaida
     Mustard Field March 1999
     Mustard Flowers
Upper Most Seats of the Synagogue

The Fig Tree
     Mt of Olives Fig Tree April 12-13, 2005
     Fig and Pomegranate trees below Siloam in Jerusalem
     Israel Photos II fig tree page
     Sycomore Fig Tree
The Good Shepherd
The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats
     Goat Herder
Camels
Ritual Cleansing
Shechem
     The Olive Harvest of Samaria
     Mt. Ebal
     Olive Tree
Pearl of Great Price
A First Century Synagogue at Gamala
     View from the Vulture Overlook
     Overview of Gamala
Modern Galilee Fishing Boats
Kursi
     
Caves and/or Tombs
     Steep Slope near the Lake
Hippos
Feeding the 5,000
     On the Mountain
     Walking on Water

     Ramot-Zelon area
     Alternate location
Mt. Hermon
The Pool(s) of Bethesda in Jerusalem
     Healing Pools
     Southern Pool
     Crusader Chapel and St. Ann Church
The Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem
     Gihon Spring
     Hezekiah's Tunnel
     Overlook of  Siloam
Tower of Siloam
A Watch Tower in a Vineyard/Olive Grove
     Grape Vines at Beth Horan
     Towers

Mt. Precipice
     South Face
     Summit
     Over the edge
     Measuring Line
     View of Nazareth from near Megiddo
Nazareth
     The Basilica of the Annunciation 
Capernaum 
Healing a Paralytic in Capernaum
Bethsaida
Waterskins and Wineskins
The Fish and the Coin
A Denarius
Casting out a demon
The Road to Jericho
     Old Roman Road
     Wilderness Above Jericho

The Road to Jericho
     Old Roman Road
     Wilderness Above Jericho

     Old Jericho
Western Wall
Gethsemane and the Cave of  Gethsemane
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Rolling Stone Tombs - Jerusalem
     Other Rolling Stone Tombs
Tiberias

Solar Power in Israel

Salt of the earth
Chorazin

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