ISRAEL PHOTOS IV -- Pilgrimage


John 2

1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:
2 and Jesus also was bidden, and his disciples, to the marriage.
3 And when the wine failed, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
4 And Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.
5 His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.
6 Now there were six waterpots of stone set there after the Jews' manner of purifying, containing two or three firkins apiece.
7 Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.
8 And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the ruler of the feast. And they bare it.
9 And when the ruler of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and knew not whence it was (but the servants that had drawn the water knew), the ruler of the feast calleth the  bridegroom,
10 and saith unto him, Every man setteth out the good wine first; and when men have drunk freely, then that which is worse: thou hast kept the good wine until last.
11 This beginning of his signs did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested his glory; and his disciples believed on him. 12 After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples; and there they abode not many days.

A Harvard study (2013) indicated a compound found in red wine may be a factor promoting health and longevity.
Drinking more than two alcohol drinks a day increases the risk of stroke:  Strokes and Alcohol Consumption.  
Drinking excessively increases the risk of cancer. Alcohol intake is the second leading cause of cancer.  Three or more drinks a week may increase the risk of breast cancer in women compared to those who drink no alcohol:  Alcohol and Cancer.  
Excessive drinking may contribute to heart disease:  Alcohol and Heart Disease.  
A Harvard study limits men to one or two drinks a day and women to no more than one a day:  Alcohol - Balancing the Risks and Limits.
People over the age of 65 should not drink more than one alcoholic beverage a day and in some situations fewer than one a day.
Excessive consumption of alcohol may damage the pancreas causing insulin dependent diabetes.  Seven of ten cases of chronic pancreatitis are caused by alcoholism. 
Alcoholics suffered liver damage similar to what happens in hepatitis leading to liver failure.

In 1905 the German Oriental Society uncovered three stone water jars while excavating the 2nd-3rd century White Synagogue at Capernaum.  There are currently five stone water jars on display.





The Roman era Talmudic Jews had numerous laws to avoid the ritual uncleanness caused by a woman's menstrual cycle, other bodily emissions, touching human corpses, touching corpses of unclean animals, or touching objects that had been in contact with unclean objects.  The superstition required numerous observances, quarantine, and immersion after uncleanness.  Red heifer ashes and dipping in unsanitized community pools were traditional remedies against uncleanness.  Almost any object could be made unclean, yet stone was not singled out as an example of an unclean substance; thus it had been thought of as being clean. 

Those who handled the Hebrew scrolls in the synagogue service needed to wash their hands before lifting the scrolls.  These stone water jars may have been used to facilitate the service as they stored large quantities of clean water. 





A circa first century limestone water jar was turned on a lathe.  Numerous elaborate stone water jars were also found in the ruins of the homes of the wealthy on the western hill of Jerusalem, opposite the Herodian temple.  

Stone Water Jars were also found at Caesarea Philippi

First century stone water jars are on display in the Burnt House Museum in Israel.  Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans c. 70 AD and the stone water jars were from the ruins of a house destroyed at this time.  There are also limestone water jars on display at the Wohl Museum in the Old City section of Jerusalem:

Photo of stone water jars as part of an Israeli Exhibition:

Nazareth Synagogue
Churches of the Annunciation
Latin Tradition -- Mount of Precipitation
Nazareth Aerial View
Museum of the Basilica
Hot Springs at Tiberias
Stone Water Jars at Capernaum
A 1909 Galilee Fishing Description
The Giant Mustard Plant
Kursi and the Gadarene Demoniac
Jar of Ointment
Wheat and Tares

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